●Zhangjiajie National Forest Park Located in the northwest of Wulingyuan, it is in the neighborhood of Suoxiyu Valley and Tianzi Mountain. It has an area of 72,000 acres, an average rainfall of 1200-1600mm, an average temperature of 16oC and a frost-free period of 240-300 days. 97 percent of the park is covered with plants which have 98 families, 517 species, over twice the total in Europe. Its gymnosperm species take up half of the total in the world. Zhangjiajie opens to the outside at the beginning of the 1980s and is the earliest tourist zone exploited in Zhangjiajie. It is noted for its queer peaks, tranquil water and beautiful forests. It is the first National Forest Park approved by the State Council in 1982. Its main scenic spots include Golden Whip Stream, Huangshi Fort and so on. Numerous pinnacles rise abruptly from the level ground in the shape of huge bamboo shoots pointing to the sky. Both sides of Golden Whip Stream stand grotesque peaks and are covered with old trees and vines. The stream, like colorful ribbons, flows through valleys. Watching mountains on Huangshi Fort, one can't help acclaiming as the acme of perfection. Huangshi Fort Huangshi Fort, named after a hermit Huangshi, is 1080m above sea level. It is higher on the south and elevated by stiff cliffs, covering an area of 16.5 hectors. It provides the largest collection of marvelous spectacles and also provides the larges sightseeing terrace above sea level in Zhangjiajie. The chief scenic spots include Treasure Box of Heavenly Books, the Magic Sea-suppressing Needle, the South Pillar of Heaven, the Golden Tortoise Watching the Sea and so on. If you stand on the terrace and watch as far as you can towards the south, you can see all kinds of queer pinnacles. If you watch towards the east, you can see numerous grotesque peaks by the Golden Whip Stream which resemble a clear, crystalline jadeite. Hence, there is a saying: " It can't be said that you have been to Zhangjiajie without reaching Huangshi Fort. Golden Whip Stream Located in the east of Zhangjiajie National Forest Park, named after the 380-meter high Golden Whip Rock, Golden Whip stream meanders 15 Li. Flowing from Laomo Gully first to Confluence of Four Rivers then to Suoxi Stream, it finally joins Li river, one of the four rivers in Hunan Province. It flows between steep grotesque peaks and luxuriant trees. Here, the meandering streams, the crystal-clear waterfalls, exotic plants and rare animals co-exist and constitute the extraordinarily beautiful, tranquil and natural ecological environment. No wonder it is called "the most beautiful valley in the world" and "the most poetic stream". The major scenic spots include Rock of Welcoming Guests, Golden Whip Rock, Reunion Rock and the Purple Grass Pond. The Southern Heaven Gate If you want to go to Tianzi Mountain through Suoxiyu Valley, you'll have to pass by a huge stone peak with a natural passage through it. The mouth of the passage is shaped like a gate. Thus, it is named the Southern Heaven Gate. The Imperial Brush Peak Walking a few steps from the scenic spot named the Fairy Maid Presenting Flowers and then watching towards the southwest on the sightseeing terrace, you can see a pinnacle resembling a huge imperial brush on the right of some graceful peaks, and some short pinnacles on the left in the shape of some brushes on the rack. It brings back the memory of King Xiang who read over official papers and drew a circle around his name on a document. How heroic he was. When you enjoy the view at dusk with red evening clouds in the sky, you'll see that the peak is glittering brightly on its tip as if there were red paint remaining on the point of the brush. Therefore, it is not surprising that more than30 domestic pictorials have its photos printed. Seeing West Sea on the Heavenly Terrace Heavenly terrace, resembling a little platform in heaven, is high and perilous, walled by stiff and crisscrossed precipices. The only way to it is a straight flight of 186-step stone stairs. Seen on the Heavenly Terrace with a bird-eye's view, the west sea is a great sea, a sea of clouds and fogs, of peaks, of greenness, and of mystery. The forest of pinnacles stand, strange stones cover the ground. The clouds roll and rays shine. Old trees' branches and roots curl up. How mysterious and unpredictable.
●Christmas (IPA: /kr?sm?s/), also referred to as Christmas Day or Christmastide, is an annual holiday celebrated on December 25 that marks and honors the birth of Jesus of Nazareth. His birth, which is the basis for the anno Domini system of dating, has been determined by modern historians as having occurred between 7 and 2 BC. The date of celebration is not thought to be Jesus' actual date of birth. It may have been chosen to coincide with the winter solstice, which the ancient Romans celebrated on December 25.Modern customs of the holiday include gift-giving, church celebrations, and the display of various decorations—including the Christmas tree, lights, mistletoe, nativity scenes and holly. Santa Claus (also referred to as Father Christmas, although the two figures have different origins) is a popular mythological figure often associated with bringing gifts at Christmas. Santa is generally believed to be the result of a syncretization between St. Nicholas of Myra and elements from pagan Nordic and Christian mythology, and his modern appearance is believed to have originated in 19th century media.Christmas is celebrated throughout the Christian population, but is also celebrated by many non-Christians as a secular, cultural festival. The holiday is widely celebrated around the world, including in the United States, where it is celebrated by 96% of the population. Some Orthodox groups celebrate Christmas on or near January 7, as January 7 corresponds to December 25 using the Julian calendar. Because gift-giving and several other aspects of the holiday involve heightened economic activity among both Christians and non-Christians, Christmas has become a major event for many retailers.EtymologyThe word Christmas originated as a compound meaning "Christ's mass". It is derived from the Middle EnglishChristemasse and Old EnglishCristes m?sse, a phrase first recorded in 1038. "Cristes" is from Greek christos and "m?sse" is from Latin missa. In early Greek versions of the New Testament, the letter Χ (chi), is the first letter of Christ. Since the mid-16th century Χ, or the similar Roman letter X, has been used as an abbreviation for Christ. Hence, Xmas is often used as an abbreviation for Christmas.After the conversion of Anglo-Saxon Britain in the very early 7th century, Christmas was referred to as geol, the name of the pre-Christian winter festival from which the current English word 'Yule' is derived.HistoryFor many centuries, Christian writers accepted that Christmas was the actual date on which Jesus was born. In the early eighteenth century, scholars began proposing alternative explanations. Isaac Newton argued that the date of Christmas was selected to correspond with the winter solstice, which in ancient times was marked on December 25. In 1743, German Protestant Paul Ernst Jablonski argued Christmas was placed on December 25 to correspond with the Roman solar holiday Dies Natalis Solis Invicti and was therefore a "paganization" that debased the true church. In 1889, Louis Duchesne suggested that the date of Christmas was calculated as nine months after March 25, the traditional date of the conception of Jesus. On the Roman calendar, March 25 was the date of the spring equinox. In modern times, it is celebrated as Annunciation.
●Every year on December 25, is the Christian commemorates the day which Jesus is born, is called the Christmas day. From December 24 in the next year January 6 will be the Christmas successively time.Holiday period, the various countries Christians all hold the grand commemoration ceremony.Christmas day is originally Christian's holiday, because the people take especially, it then becomes for a national holiday, in a national year the grandest holiday, may place on a par with the new year, the kind is the West resembles our country to celebrate the Spring Festival. The westerner take red, green, white tricolor as the Christmas color, Christmas day comes temporary each and every family all to have to use the Christmas color to decorate.Red has the Christmas flower and the Christmas candle.The green is a Christmas tree.It is the Christmas day main ornament, with the cedar, a cypress kind which fells assume the tower-shaped evergreen decoration to become.Above is being hanging the colorful colored lantern, the gift and the artificial flower, but also is lighting the Christmas candle. Forms a nice contrast with the white is Santa Claus red, he is the character who the Christmas day moves most receives welcome.Western child in Christmas night just before going to sleep before, must puts a sock nearby the fireplace or the pillow, waits for Santa Claus to go to sleep after them places the gift in the sock.In the West, acts Santa Claus also is one kind of custom. “Christmas day” this name is “the Christ mass” shrinks the character.The mass is the church one kind of week ceremony.The Christmas day is a religious festival.We treat as it Jesus's birthday to celebrate, thus other name Christmas day.This day, the world all Christian church all holds the special week ceremony.But has very many Christmas days to joyfully celebrate the activity and the religion and the non-least bit connection.The exchange gift, sends the Christmas card, this all causes the Christmas day to become a worldwide celebration the day. Jesus's birth has section of stories, because Jesus is the Holy Ghost is becoming is pregnant, lives by virgin female Maria.The god dispatches the messenger to add the uncle to arrange in order in the dream notifies explicity Joseph, is called him not to want but because Maria unmarried is pregnant does not want her, instead must get married with her, gives a name that child is “Jesus”, has in view he to rescue the common people from the evil. When Maria soon is near plate time, Roman Government issued a decree, report the household register by all means must the complete people to Bethlehem.Joseph and Maria have to be compliant. When they arrive Bethlehem, weather already dusk, but two people have not been able to find the hotel to cross sleep, only then a horse stable may temporarily reside.At this moment, Jesus wanted to be born! Therefore Maria only has in the manger, gives birth to Jesus.The posterity for commemorates Jesus's birth, then decides in December 25 is the Christmas day, looks the mass year after year, commemorates Jesus's being born. Christmas day then is commemorates Jesus's birth on December 25, but real birthday nobody knew.19th century, Christmas card popular, Santa Claus's appearance, Christmas day also starts to be popular. The Christmas granddad's origin Christmas day is makes one jump for joy the anticipation day, in particular child.Believes everybody to the Christmas granddad's matter all familiar-sounding to be able detailed? Formerly had an old person, the name is called Nicolas, his life most likes helping poor others.In which once him to help three poor few evacuations they three bags of gold to run away the misfortune which sells.When Nicolas gives secretly bag of gold female, he throws the gold from window, exactly falls in scenery on wall stockings.Therefore, places the gift the Christmas sock to give a present the side legalist school door to door to want the candy yo! It is said the Christmas Eve evening, Christmas day the husband trade union harnesses the caribou sled full load gift to prepare to send this for year to display the very good child, he can crawl quietly from the chimney in the room, the gift fills in hangs in the head of a bed sock.Therefore the child would a strip color riotous sock to hang in the head of a bed, and puts the cup hot milk nearby the sock for Santa Claus who performs high service through hard work to relieve thirst, and gives the share big present to give oneself. Previous day each children all impatiently opened the ritual, wanted to know oneself obtained any reward. To in 1822, after a Dutch missionary passed to US this great philanthropist's story, the American merchants by the special marketing technique, every year use this holiday on a grand scale to propagandize the advertisement, gained one greatly, also rallied together in Asia's Japan and other various countries the follow bad example.Therefore dressed up Santa Claus to celebrate the Christmas day manners and customs also gradually as popularly as the various countries. Christmas tree's origin 1. it is said probably in the 16th century, the German first attains the ever green evergreen branches in the room to decorate, afterwards, German missionary Luther placed the candle in the woods on the fir branch, then the ignition, caused it to look like is likely guides the people to Bethlehem's star light, was similar to before two millenniums Eastern three doctors found Jesus according to the space star to be ordinary.Today, people's already changed to the miniature bulb to replace the candle. 2. fables before very long time, some farmer, runs into a poverty-stricken child in Christmas day that day, he has received the child warmly, this child just before leaving when folds root pine to insert in ground, pine turned a tree immediately, above has hung all over the gift, used for to thank farmer's good intention. However the Christmas tree appears truly in the Christmas day, the first foresight in Germany, spreads to Europe and US afterwards, becomes the Christmas day indispensable widget.They usually with the bright with many colors colored lantern, the wax, the gift or the angel install the Christmas tree, lives especially northeast US's people, because of the locality rich forest resources, they meets the whole family to choose a genuine tree to do together for the Christmas tree.Christmas tree's type is many, has the natural pine and cypress Christmas tree, also has the man-made Christmas tree and the white Christmas tree.On each Christmas tree all hangs all over the dazzling ornament, but each tree's peak has an especially big star surely, symbolizes that to guide Eastern three doctors to find Jesus's star.Moreover in traditional custom, only then the family household head only then may hang up star of the this hope, other people may not overstep authority and get involved in another's affairs. The Christmas Eve origin Christmas day eve also is the Christmas Eve which said vulgarly, in the evening, the whole family can reunite in the living room, revolves in the Christmas tree sing from side of stage Christmas song, exchanges the gift mutually, each other shares for a year to live the laughter, anger, sorrow, and happiness, the expression innermost feelings blessing and the love.In this day evening can see to group of lovable young male students or the young female student, the hand takes the poetry bullet hit guitar, is singing the poetry newspaper good news.How does the good news team this kind of holiday activity is come? Jesus is born that evening, one in wilderness guard flock of sheep's shepherd, hears to have the sound suddenly to transmit from the space, reports the good news to them which Jesus is born.According to the Holy Bible record, Jesus comes is wants to be the common people the king, therefore the angel then penetrates these shepherds to pass to the news more people to know. Afterwards the people imitated the angel, spoke the news in the Christmas Eve evening everywhere reporter biography which Jesus was born, until today, reported the good news already to turn a Christmas day essential program. The usual good news team is by about 20 young people, adds on the little girl and a Santa Claus who as soon as prepares dresses up causes all day long compose.In the Christmas Eve evening will probably be nine from now on, will start one one to go to the newspaper good news.When the good news team goes to a family, can sing the Christmas song first which several everybody are familiar with, then reads the Holy Bible words by the little girl to let this household others again know tonight is a day which Jesus is born, from now on everybody together will pray sings 12 poetries again, then will send by generous natural Santa Claus to deliver the Christmas gift for that family in small dining hall, the entire newspaper good news process completed!
●Christmas Day Chrisimas is the biggest festival in the western world,which people all over Christian countries celebrate .It's on the 25th day of eachDecember. Christians consider it as the birthday of Jesus Christ.But now many customs and habits are beyond religious meaning.The Christmas season begins five or six weeks before the exact holiday .There is always a shopping boom during the period.So it's really a happy season for shopper owners .
●http://www.8412.org/lunwen/lunwen_17901.html 圣诞节的由来英文版 the name christmas is short for "christ's mass". a mass is a kind of church service. christmas is a religious festival. it is the day we celebrate as the birthday of jesus. there are special christmas services in christian churches all over the world. but many of the festivities of christmas do not have anything to do with religion. exchanging gifts and sending christmas cards are the modern ways of celebrating the christmas in the world. the birth of jesus had a story: in nazareth, a city of galilee. the virgin's name was mary was betrothed to joseph. before they came together, she was found with child of the holy spirit. joseph her husband was minded to put her away secretly. while he thought about these things, gabriel, an angel of the lord appeared to him in a dream and told him did not be afraid to take mary as wife. and mary will bring forth a son, and he shall call his name, jesus, for he will save his people from their sins. before jesus births, joseph and mary came to quirnius was governing syria. so all went to be registered, everyone to his own city. joseph also went up out of galilee, out of the city of nazareth, into judea, to the city of david, which is called bethlehem, because he was of the house and of the lineage of david, to be registered with mary, his betrothed wife, who was with child. so it was that while they were there, the days were completed for her to bedelivered. and she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling cloths, and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn. and that, christmas is the feast of the nativity of jesus, is on 25th, december every year. but nobody know the actual birthday of jesus. and the christmas has become popular when christmas cards appeared in 1846 and the concept of a jolly santa claus was first made popular in nineteenth century. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------http://jinzhou.guanyaenglish.com/news/print.jsp?news_id=100469 万圣节（中，英文版） 关于万圣节有这样一个故事。是说有一个叫杰克的爱尔半兰人，因为他对钱特别的吝啬，就不允许他进入天堂，而被打入地狱。但是在那里他老是捉弄魔鬼撒旦，所以被踢出地狱，罚他提着灯笼永远在人世里行走。 在十月三十一日爱尔兰的孩子们用土豆和罗卜制作“杰克的灯笼”，他们把中间挖掉、表面上打洞并在里边点上蜡烛。为村里庆祝督伊德神的万圣节，孩子们提着这种灯笼挨家挨户乞计食物。?这种灯笼的爱尔兰名字是“拿灯笼的杰克”或者“杰克的灯笼”，缩写为Jack-o'-lantern ?在拼写为jack-o-lantern。 现在你在大多数书里读到的万圣节只是孩子们开心的夜晚。在小学校里，万圣节是每年十月份开始庆祝的。 孩子们会制作万圣节的装饰品：各种各样桔红色的南瓜灯。你可以用黑色的纸做一个可怕的造形??一个骑在扫帚把上戴著尖尖帽子的女巫飞过天空，或者是黑蝙蝠飞过月亮。这些都代表恶运。当然黑猫代表运气更差。有时候会出现黑猫骑在女巫扫帚后面飞向天空的造形。 在万圣节的晚上，我们都穿着爸爸妈妈的旧衣服和旧鞋子，戴上面具，打算外出。比我们小的孩子必须和他们的母亲一块出去，我们大一点的就一起哄到领居家，按他们的门铃并大声喊道：“恶作剧还是招待！”意思是给我们吃的，要不我们就捉弄你。里边的人们应该出?评价我们的化装。 “噢！这是鬼，那是女巫，这是个老太婆。” 有时候他们会跟我们一起玩，假装被鬼或者女巫吓着了。但是他们通常会带一些糖果或者苹果放进我们的“恶作剧还是招待”的口袋里。可是要是没人回答门铃或者是有人把我们赶开该怎么办呢？我们就捉弄他们，通常是拿一块肥皂把他们的玻璃涂得乱七八糟。然后我们回家，数数谁的糖果最多。 还有一个典型的万圣节花招是把一卷手纸拉开，不停地往树上扔，直到树全被白纸裹起?。除非下大雪或大雨把纸冲掉，纸会一直呆在树上。这并不造成真正的伤害，只是把树和院子搞乱，一种万圣节的恶作剧。 HALLOWEEN One story about Jack, an Irishman, who was not allowed into Heaven because he was stingy with his money. So he was sent to hell. But down there he played tricks on the Devil (Satan), so he was kicked out of Hell and made to walk the earth forever carrying a lantern. Well, Irish children made Jack's lanterns on October 31st from a large potato or turnip, hollowed out with the sides having holes and lit by little candles inside. And Irish children would carry them as they went from house to house begging for food for the village Halloween festival that honored the Druid god Muck Olla. The Irish name for these lanterns was "Jack with the lantern" or "Jack of the lantern," abbreviated as " Jack-o'-lantern" and now spelled "jack-o-lantern." The traditional Halloween you can read about in most books was just children's fun night. Halloween celebrations would start in October in every elementary school. Children would make Halloween decorations, all kinds of orange-paper jack-o-lanterns. And from black paper you'd cut "scary" designs ---an evil witch with a pointed hat riding through the sky on a broomstick, maybe with black bats flying across the moon, and that meant bad luck. And of course black cats for more bad luck. Sometimes a black cat would ride away into the sky on the back of the witch's broom. And on Halloween night we'd dress up in Mom or Dad's old shoes and clothes, put on a mask, and be ready to go outside. The little kids (children younger than we were) had to go with their mothers, but we older ones went together to neighbors' houses, ringing their doorbell and yelling, "Trick or treat!" meaning, "Give us a treat (something to eat) or we'll play a trick on you!" The people inside were supposed to come to the door and comment on our costumes. Oh! here's a ghost. Oh, there's a witch. Oh, here's an old lady. Sometimes they would play along with us and pretend to be scared by some ghost or witch. But they would always have